The gods could both reward and punish travelers and traders with favorable or unfavorable sea conditions. A state that is not contiguous whole but rather separated parts. A state whose territory completely surrounds that of another state. an economic and political association of European countries as a unit with internal free trade and common external tariffs. Roma are a people and culture native to central and eastern Europe. Supranational definition, outside or beyond the authority of one national government, as a project or policy that is planned and controlled by a group of nations. Scandinavian design, for instance, is primarily focused on fashion and home wares. Sustainability Policy | Greece’s many earthquakes, and the tsunamis they caused, were connected to the sea god Poseidon, known as the “Earth Shaker.” Cults and temples centered on Poseidon were built throughout the Aegean and Mediterranean seas as a means of appeasing the god. The name Europe, or Europa, is believed to be of Greek origin, as it is the name of a princess in Greek mythology. United Nations Convection on the Law Of the Seas. All of the events must come together under a common theme or themes. Xenophobia is an intense dislike or fear of people from other places or cultures. Some reindeer herds have a home range of up to 5,000 square kilometers (1,930 square miles). Be an expert in Human Geography! Among the struggling economies that may suffer from carbon emission limits are Romania, Bulgaria, and Moldova. Many of its events encouraged community involvement and civic engagement. the study of the way human communities and systems interact with their environment. Most Greek gods and goddesses are representations of the active physical elements that made up the local landscape. the study of the effects of economic geography on the powers of the state, Geopolitical Theory (aka Organic Theory, Ratzel's Theory). The link between these peninsulas has made Europe a dominant economic, social, and cultural force throughout recorded history.Europe’s physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately.Today, Europe is home to the citizens of Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kosovo, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, the United Kingdom (England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland), and Vatican City. The debate surrounding the cartoons also intensified strained relations between the Islamic world and the West.In 2010, the French government dismantled illegal immigrant camps throughout France. "Exploring Your World: The Adventure of Geography." one of the seven main land masses on Earth. This linguistic diversity is present in the Alpine regions of many contemporary European countries today.Switzerland, for example, has four official languages: German, French, Italian, and Romansch. AP Human Geography: World Regions Lots of countries! The European Union created a $957 billion “rescue package” for the EU economy, primarily for countries that had unsustainable debt rates. Occasionally, two countries may contest where a particular border is drawn. The political cartoons sought to engage in the debate surrounding Muslim extremism.  Generally, any point within an overlapping area defaults to the most proximate state. Projects are meant to stay a part of the city after 2011—some pieces of sculpture may be used for athletics, for instance. 1145 17th Street NW Start studying AP Human Geography Chapter 9. policy of imposing influence through military force, economic dominance, or diplomacy. Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service. (159) All the countries! Sir Halford John Mackinder was a British geographer who wrote a paper in 1904 called "The Geographical Pivot of History." Around 400 CE, the Alemanni, a Germanic tribe, invaded present-day northern Switzerland. A type of territorial shape that exhibits a narrow, elongated land extension leading away from the main body of the territory. During the Middle Ages, dominant European powers conquered the strategically important mountain territory of the Alps. The euro is the second-most popular currency (behind the American dollar) and is used daily by more than 320 million people. In fact, many developing nations argued that the Copenhagen Accord was drafted by a small group of powerful countries and unfairly disadvantages poorer countries, many of which are expected to suffer the worst effects of climate change.The ageing of Europe’s population is also expected to dramatically affect the continent’s social, political, and financial future. The United States and the Soviet Union built up huge nuclear arsenals, with many missiles aimed at targets throughout Europe. The EU operates through a system of supranational institutions and intergovernmental negotiated decisions by the member states. study of the natural features and processes of the Earth. having to do with political reform and change, usually supporting more government responsibility. region and name for some countries in Northern Europe: Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Denmark. Check out exam study guides and practice tests with smart online flashcards. Today, this cultural wealth is used to solidify the European Community and is exported to the rest of the world as one of the continent’s greatest global assets.Historic CulturesIndigenous cultures shaped, and were shaped by, the varied geography of Europe. The spatial analysis of political phenomena and processes. With such a large number of nationalities compacted into such a small area, Europe strongly supports individual cultural identities and products.The European Capitals of Culture program, started in 1985, has become one of Europe’s most important and high-profile cultural events. ocean waves triggered by an earthquake, volcano, or other movement of the ocean floor. A state whose territory is long and narrow in shape. the ability of a government to determine their own course of their own free will, the territory occupied by one of the constituent administrative districts of a nation. The Roman approach to conquering and controlling territory is often considered to be the basis of Western imperialism. We bring you human geography news coverage 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. available supply of materials, goods, or services. system of organization or government where the people decide policies or elect representatives to do so. Look it up now! City-states were unique in that they were governed not by a hereditary ruler, but by a political body that represented its citizens. The nation of Germany was divided in two. Andrew Turgeon, Mary Crooks, National Geographic Society Because of their remoteness, however, all these regions have distinct dialects that differ slightly from their parent language. to differentiate or recognize as different. Many of the most socially and economically powerful elements of these societies will be led by immigrants. The United States began to lead the Western world, while the Soviet Union, with its capital in the Eastern European city of Moscow, Russia, led the so-called Eastern Bloc. distinct variation of a language, usually marked by accents and grammar. Certain countries and regions have even developed an identity or “branding” focused on specific products and exports. The EUROPEAN UNION – most barriers of trade within Europe have been eliminated, and even countries that are not members (ie: Switzerland and Sweden) depend heavily on trade with members. Definition Ap Human Geography 13 Services offered AP Human Geography. In human geography for a | Quizlet Cbd Definition TAMUCC ART AND DESIGN Lab If you still human geography is going edge city. gradual changes in all the interconnected weather elements on our planet. International economic and military organizations developed on either side of the Iron Curtain. Supporters of the crackdown want to stop illegal immigration. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. European Union. Europe is a peninsula of the Eurasian supercontinent and is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean, Black, and Caspian seas to the south. system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit. Learn more. When countries come together for a common purpose, somewhat limiting their own individual powers, the resulting body is called a(n) Supranational organization. The volcanoes of Lemnos, an island in the Mediterranean, and Mount Etna, on the island of Sicily, were believed to be the forges of Hephaestus, the Greek god of fire. An independent country dominated by a relatively homogeneous culture group, an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security, Boundaries that move according to operations or functions. These camps were mostly populated by Roma, also called Gypsies. piece of land jutting into a body of water. These changes will affect different regions of Europe in different ways. Today, the European Union is composed of 27 member states, with new members mainly coming from central and eastern Europe. It looks like your browser needs an update. The exception to this rule occurs when EEZs would overlap; that is, state coastal baselines are less than 400 nautical miles apart. He formulated his hypothesis as: Who rules East Europe commands the Heartland Who rules the Heartland commands the World-Island Who rules the World-Island commands the world Mackinder's Heartland (also known as the Pivot Area) is the core area of Eurasia, and the World-Island is all of Eurasia (both Europe and Asia). A state or territory that is small in both size and population. World War II (1939-1945) left about 43 million Europeans dead, including about 6 million who died in the Holocaust. Some critics argue these attitudes are xenophobic. Developed countries, however, are also facing economic challenges. In humans it relates to the need for self-identity and freedom of choice, the calculated use of violence (or threat of violence) against civilians in order to attain goals that are political or religious or ideological in nature, UNCLOS (United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea), 1994, constitution for the ocean to protect resources, An internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials, an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security, treaty signed in 1945 that formed an alliance of the Eastern European countries behind the Iron Curtain; USSR, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania. Developing countries, such as those in eastern and southern Europe, are expected to bear the worst of the depopulation trend. She or he will best know the preferred format. A political-geographical model suggesting that persistent regional patterns in voting behavior, sometimes leading to separatism, can usually be explained in terms of tensions ptting urban against rural, core against periphery, capitalists against workers, and power group against minority culture. As a result of the devastation of World War II, Western Europe’s leadership in global politics diminished. a part of a country that is seperated from the rest of the country and surrounded by foreign territory. money, goods, and services set aside for a specific purpose. Physical features, weather-related phenomena, and local resources had a deep impact on how historic European cultures prospered, interacted, and believed their world worked.The geography and climate of the Mediterranean region, for example, directly influenced Greek mythology. The city is home to the headquarters of luxury brands such as Valentino, Gucci, Versace, and Prada. Cultural GeographyEurope has a long history of human development and is considered the birthplace of Western Civilization. (1922-1991) large northern Eurasian nation that had a communist government. system where the distribution of goods and services, as well as prices, are largely determined by supply and demand. an enclosed territory that is culturally distinct from the foreign territory that surrounds it, type of conflict that occurs when different tribes are lumped together to form a country, an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members. carbon compound (such as carbon dioxide) released into the atmosphere, often through human activity such as the burning of fossil fuels such as coal or gas. Latin, the language of Rome, evolved into French in the western region, and Italian in the south. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society. Europe is the western peninsula of the giant "supercontinent" of Eurasia. art and science of maintaining peaceful relationships between nations, groups, or individuals. World War I (1914-1918) left about 16 million people dead. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. The European Union has established the Schengen Area—a zone where Europeans can travel from country to country without having to show their passports. person who moves to a new country or region. In Attempt was edge city ap human geography effect on the CBD of the Users often a violent Impact attributed, the first only few Hours keeps. Encyclopedic entry. © 1996 - 2021 National Geographic Society. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. - AP Human Geography AP Human Geography Chapter the fuel tank district Ch. 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